Statement by Ambassador Mitsuru Kitano at the Board of Governors Meeting starting on Thursday, 20 November 2014 Agenda Item 4(a): Application of safeguards in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

Japan appreciates the efforts of the IAEA regarding the application of safeguards in North Korea, and expresses its concern about the current situation, in which the IAEA has lost its presence in North Korea since April 2009. Although the Secretariat cannot conduct its verification activities in North Korea, and the monitoring by the Agency of the situation at Yongbyon is conducted mainly through satellite imagery, Japan continues to attach importance to these activities by the Secretariat. Needless to say, North Korea’s ongoing nuclear and missile-related activities, including uranium enrichment, are in violation of the relevant UN Security Council resolutions and the September 2005 Joint Statement of the Six-Party Talks. Japan has been and continues to be most seriously concerned by these activities.

It is impermissible that North Korea conducted nuclear tests despite the repeated calls by the international community as a whole not to conduct any further provocation, including nuclear tests. The nuclear tests by North Korea pose grave challenges to the international non-proliferation regime centered on the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), particularly when taken together with North Korea’s enhancement of its capabilities to deliver weapons of mass destruction through the series of ballistic missile launches in clear violation of relevant UN Security Council resolutions. They are totally unacceptable as they seriously undermine the peace and security of Northeast Asia as well as the international community as a whole.

North Korea announced in April last year that it intends to readjust and restart its Yongbyon nuclear facilities, and it is reported in the Director General’sReport of September this year that developments were observed at the 5MW graphite moderated reactor site that indicate its operation, and that further renovations to the enrichment facility were also observed. Restarting the nuclear facilities in Yongbyon is in violation of the agreements under the Six-Party Talks and relevant Security Council resolutions. This is a matter of grave concern. Furthermore, North Korea has reiterated its intention to possess nuclear weapons, including the statement of its Foreign Ministry in March this year regarding a new form of nuclear test. It is clear that North Korea has in noway changed its objective of making other countries acknowledge its status as a so called “nuclear possessor State”. It is essential for the international community to be united in continuing the steady implementation of the measures contained in the relevant UN Security Council resolutions. It is also important for the international community to clearly express its firm and united position that it will never acknowledge North Korea as a nuclear weapon state.

In accordance with the relevant UN Security Council resolutions, and the September 2005 Six-Party Talks Joint Statement, North Korea is required: - First, not to conduct any further provocation including nuclear tests; - Second, to abandon all its nuclear weapons and existing nuclear programmes, including any uranium enrichment activities, in a complete, verifiable and irreversible manner, and immediately cease all related activities; - Third, to retract its announcement of withdrawal from the NPT; and - Fourth, to act strictly in accordance with its IAEA Safeguards Agreement. In addition to these points, North Korea must provide transparency measures, as stipulated in the relevant UN Security Council resolutions. Having said all of the above, Japan hopes that the IAEA will continue to play an important role in resolving the North Korean nuclear issues.
The Practical Export Control Workshop was hosted by the Wassenaar Arrangement as part of its 20th Anniversary programs and held at the Permanent Mission of Japan to the International Organizations in Vienna on 27 and 28 June 2016. More than 100 government representatives from 46 countries participated in the technically focused Practical Workshop.
Workshop speakers included the 2016 WA Plenary Chair Ambassador Anu Laamanen (Finland), 2016 WA General Working Group Chair Ambassador Paul Beijer (Sweden), 2015-2016 WA Experts Group Chair Robertas Rosinas (Lithuania), 2016 WA Licensing and Enforcement Officers Meeting Chair Jon Erik Strömö (Norway), as well as the Head of the WA Secretariat, Ambassador Philip Griffiths. The WA control lists as well as export licensing and enforcement topics were covered during the two days.
The following link from WA’s webpage contains more details: