HCoC/Code against Ballistic Missile Proliferation
The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCoC), formally signed in 2002, is the result of efforts by the international community to internationally regulate ballistic missiles capable of carrying weapons of mass destruction. The Code does not prohibit States from possessing ballistic missiles, or benefitting from the peaceful use of outer space, nor does it call for the destruction of any missiles. The central aim of the politically-binding Code is to foster transparency and confidence among nations.
By subscribing to the HCoC, members voluntarily commit themselves politically to provide pre-launch notifications (PLNs) on ballistic missile and space-launch vehicle launches (SLVs) and test flights. Subscribing States also commit themselves to submit an annual declaration (AD) of their country’s policies on ballistic missiles and space-launch vehicles.
Japan has been a member of HCoC from the very beginning, having signed in 2002. From May 2013 to May 2014, Japan successfully chaired HCoC, contributing to an increase in its membership and promoting the universalization of the Code. Japan believes the HCoC, as the sole international framework that aims to address the issue of ballistic missiles proliferation is gaining traction and becoming more significant worldwide.
2014, 13th Regular Meeting of the Subscribing States to the HCoC press release: http://www.hcoc.at/documents/Press-Release-of-the-13th-ARM.pdf