Statement by Ambassador Mitsuru Kitano at the IAEA Technical Assistance and Cooperation Committee Meeting starting on 19 November 2018: Item 2: Technical cooperation: the Agency’s proposed programme for 2019

Thank you, Madam Chair,

Japan acknowledges that nuclear science and technologies can be applied in various sectors, such as health, medical care, agriculture and food, and climate change. Japan believes that IAEA activities contribute not only to the socio-economic development of Member States, especially in developing countries, but also to providing solutions to global issues including achieving SDGs. Promoting the peaceful uses of nuclear energy is one of the three pillars of the NPT. Japan strongly supports TC activities of the IAEA as an important delivery means to advance peaceful uses of nuclear energy. We have been supporting them through human resources, technical means and financial means, and we will continue to do so. During the last IAEA General Conference in September, we announced an additional PUI contribution of 820,000 Euro for several TC projects in the field of cancer therapy, water resource management, and so on. Japan expects further strengthening of the cooperation between the Agency and Japanese experts and technologies through the TC projects.

Japan has contributed to the promotion of the peaceful uses of nuclear energy by supporting activities such as capacity building and human resources development. During the TICAD Ministerial Meeting on African development in Tokyo in October, Foreign Minister Mr. Kono emphasized the importance of the assistance focusing on human resource development. Japan continues to contribute in this way. For this Ministerial Meeting on African development, not only 52 countries from Africa, but also international organizations including the IAEA participated. Japan will host TICAD 7 in Yokohama August 2019. Japan expects that TICAD 7 will provide an opportunity for the IAEA, through outreach activities, to deepen the understanding of TC activities among participating countries.

Japan attaches great importance to the Ministerial Conference on Nuclear Science and Technology starting from 28th November, as a great opportunity to deepening the understanding of the wide contribution of nuclear science and technology. As one of the Co-chairs together with Costa Rica, Japan appreciates the cooperation and the contributions of Member States. We expect a fruitful outcome in the field of nuclear science and technology from this conference.

Madam Chair,

Japan has been paying its full share of its target allocation into the TCF. To ensure smooth project management, we urge Member States to pay their share into the TCF, in full and on time. Many countries are subject to severe domestic fiscal restrictions, and even donor countries are not immune to the same restrictions. To ensure that the TCF has “sufficient, assured and predictable” financial resources, every measure should be taken to promote payment into the TCF in full and on time. Japan expects the cooperation by the Secretariat toward this end.

Japan appreciates the great effort made by H.E. Ambassador Lofti Bouchaara of Morocco and H.E. Ambassador Andrej Benedejcic of Slovenia in producing the Report of the Due Account Mechanism. Their report includes suggestions which can contribute to increasing the Rate of Attainment. We also believe that it is important to continue the discussion regarding the guidelines in order to strengthen the Due Account Mechanism.

Moreover, for sustainable management of TC activities, we urge the recipient countries of TCP to pay their own national participation costs on time. At the same time, we expect the expansion of Government Cost-Sharing to increase the ownership by recipient countries. We also expect the Secretariat to continue the positive approach to non-traditional partners through the expansion of human, technical, and financial resources of TC activities. The IAEA’s TC Report is an important tool for the donor counties to have an overview of the implementation and outcomes of the TC activities, as well as financial information. Toward the effective and efficient use of budgets such as TCF and PUI, we expect a highly transparent report and the implementation of the PDCA cycle.

Japan welcomes the OIOS evaluation of technical cooperation activities. To ensure the effective and efficient planning and implementing of the project, we look forward to the IAEA’s efforts to implement the OIOS recommendations.

Japan takes seriously the fact that the Division of PACT was evaluated as being “unsatisfactory” by the OIOS audit. Japan understands that the Taskforce is working to realize an appropriate management of the PACT project. Japan requests the Secretariat to share the Taskforce’s concrete outcome including measures for improving PACT.

With these comments, Japan supports the recommended actions as set out in document GOV/2018/44.

Thank you, Madam Chair.