Statement by Ambassador HIKIHARA Takeshi at the IAEA Board of Governors Meeting starting on Monday, 1 March 2021: Item 7(e): NPT Safeguards Agreement with the Islamic Republic of Iran

Thank you, Madame Chair,

Japan appreciates the Director General’s report on this agenda item as well as the technical briefing by the Secretariat.

The Agency’s safeguards are a fundamental component of nuclear non-proliferation regime, stipulated in the NPT. Japan highly commends the professional and impartial work of the Director-General and the Secretariat related to the safeguards implementation including verification and monitoring activities in Iran and the latest update by the Director-General. We strongly support the Agency to continue to fully carry out its mandate.

Madame Chair,

It is regrettable that, after 18 months, Iran has not provided the necessary, full and technically credible explanation for the presence of the nuclear material particles at location 1, despite all the efforts of the Secretariat described in the Director-General’s report and calls of many Member States in previous Board of Governor’s meetings.

Japan shares the deep concern expressed by the Agency in the Director-General’s report. We call on Iran to provide, without delay, the necessary, full and technically credible explanation for the presence of the nuclear material particles at location 1.

Japan pays close attention to the interactions between the Agency and Iran on locations 2, 3 and 4, including an additional verification to be conducted in location 2 and further explanation by Iran about the presence of anthropogenic uranium particles which were indicated through environmental samples taken at location 3 and 4.

Japan urges Iran to fully cooperate with the Agency, including through responding to the Director-General’s expressed readiness to engage Iran in a proactive and focused effort to break the impasse, to clarify and resolve these issues without further delay.

Madame Chair,

As the Director-General’s report clearly points out, the agreed Subsidiary Arrangements and their implementation cannot be modified unilaterally and Iran is required to continue the implementation of the modified Code 3.1 of the Subsidiary Arrangements to its Safeguards Agreement as agreed.

We strongly calls on Iran not to fail its obligations under the Subsidiary Arrangements to its Safeguards Agreement.

Japan requests the Director General to keep the Board of Governors informed on this issue.

Thank you, Madame Chair.