Statement by Ambassador HIKIHARA Takeshi at the IAEA Board of Governors Meeting starting on Monday, 5 June 2023 Item 5: Verification and Monitoring in the Islamic Republic of Iran in light of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 2231 (2015)

Thank you, Chair,
Japan appreciates the Director General’s report on this agenda item, as well as the technical briefing held by Deputy Director General Aparo and his team.
Japan reiterates its support for the JCPOA, and hopes for a swift return to compliance with the JCPOA by all relevant countries. We commend the professional and impartial work and efforts of the Director General and the Secretariat related to the verification and monitoring of Iran’s implementation of its nuclear-related commitments under the JCPOA. The exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear program needs to be ensured through the full implementation of the JCPOA, and by the IAEA’s verification and monitoring activities.

Japan remains deeply concerned that the Agency has not been able to perform JCPOA verification and monitoring activities in relation to the production and inventory of centrifuges, rotors and bellows, heavy water and UOC (Uranium Ore Concentrate). It is truly regrettable that the Agency would not be able to re-establish continuity of knowledge in relation to these elements, in the event of a full resumption of the JCPOA.
Japan is also deeply concerned about the Iran’s increasing and unprecedented stockpiles of highly enriched uranium and the installation of new advanced centrifuge cascades.
Regarding the presence of highly enriched uranium particles up to 83.7% U-235 at the FFEP (Fordow Fuel Enrichment Plant), we take note of the Agency’s assessment that it has no further questions on this matter at this stage.
Japan supports the Director General’s efforts related to the Joint Statement of 4 March this year and notes the installation of surveillance cameras at workshops in Esfahan. We call on Iran to fully cooperate with the Agency in the full and unconditional implementation of the Joint Statement, including in completion of the installation of surveillance and monitoring equipment as requested by the Agency, and in providing access to data recordings since 2 and 3 May this year as well as during the period of February 2021 through June 2022 without delay.
Japan once again urges Iran to fully and immediately return to its JCPOA commitments, including the provisional application of the Additional Protocol and other transparency measures.
Japan requests the Director General to keep the Board of Governors informed on any developments, so that this important issue can continue to be addressed.
Thank you, Chair.