Statement by Minister IMANISHI Nobuharu at the IAEA Board of Governors Meeting starting on Monday, 11 September 2023 Item 4: Nuclear Security

Thank you Chair,
Japan thanks the Secretariat for preparing the Nuclear Security Report.
Current and emerging threats, such as terrorist activities, cyber-attacks and internal threats, pose a great challenge to nuclear security. Strengthening nuclear security measures, including those related to emerging nuclear technologies such as Small Modular Reactors, is an urgent matter. Under these circumstances, Japan strongly supports the IAEA’s central role in international cooperation in this field. On the national level, Japan will take further steps to strengthen its nuclear security, by reviewing laws and regulations and through the IAEA International Physical Protection Advisory Service (IPPAS) , which Japan will receive in 2024.
Japan strongly supports the universalization of the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials (CPPNM) and its Amendment, as a means of enhancing the international nuclear security framework.
Japan also has been actively participating in the discussions on the development and update of IAEA’s Nuclear Security Series. We welcome that all Nuclear Security Series publications approved by the Nuclear Security Guidance Committee (NSGC) have been either issued or are at the final stage for publication.
Capacity-building is also a key element of nuclear security. Japan welcomes the establishment of the Nuclear Security Training Demonstration Centre in Seibersdorf. We look forward that it becomes fully operational soon. On our part, Japan has been contributing to capacity-building  by providing training courses, workshops and seminars at the Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security (ISCN) of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency for many years.

The situation at Ukraine’s nuclear facilities as a result of Russia’s actions has been a matter of great concern, from the perspective of nuclear safety, security, and safeguards. The aggression by the Russian Federation and its related actions must be condemned in the strongest terms. Japan expresses its appreciation to Director General Grossi and and his team for their dedicated efforts related to Ukraine. In this regard, we reiterate the importance of the IAEA Director General’s “seven indispensable pillars on nuclear safety and security” derived from IAEA safety standards and nuclear security guidance. Japan also supports the IAEA’s “five principles” to help ensure the nuclear safety and security at Ukraine’s Zaporizhzhya Nuclear Power Plant.
Lastly, Japan welcomes that the first meeting of the Programme Committee for the International Conference on Nuclear Security was held in March this year. We look forward to coordinating with the Secretariat and other Member States towards the 4th meeting of ICONS in  May 2024.
With these comments, Japan takes note of the document  GOV/2023/37.
Thank you, Chair.