Statement by Ambassador HIKIHARA Takeshi at the IAEA Board of Governors Meeting starting on Monday, 11 September 2023 Item 7(d): NPT Safeguards Agreement with the Islamic Republic of Iran

Thank you, Chair,

Japan aligns itself with the Joint Statement made by Denmark and would like to make the following statement in its national capacity.

Japan thanks the Secretariat for preparing the report on this agenda item, as well as the technical briefing by Deputy Director General Aparo and his team.

Japan highly commends the professional and impartial work of the Director General and the Secretariat in the implementation of safeguards. The Agency’s safeguards are a fundamental component for the nuclear non-proliferation regime under the NPT. Each Member State must act in a manner that preserves the integrity of the safeguards system in cooperation with the Agency.

Japan regrets that Iran’s engagement with the Agency has not been sufficient for the Agency to be able to confirm the correctness and completeness of Iran’s declarations under its Safeguards Agreement.

Japan is deeply concerned that the safeguards issues related to Turquzabad and Varamin remain unresolved despite the repeated calls of this Board expressed in its resolutions adopted in June 2020, as well as in June and November last year. We call on Iran to provide the Agency with technically credible explanations for the presence of uranium particles found at these locations.

Japan expresses its deep concern that the Director General noted with regret that no progress has been made towards implementing the Joint Statement of 4 March 2023 after the Board of Governors Meeting in June 2023. We call on Iran to fully and unconditionally cooperate with the Agency in this regard, including by responding to the Agency’s request for the access to the data recorded by surveillance cameras and for the installation of cameras at another location.

Iran de-designated experienced Agency inspectors and denied visas for Agency officials. As stressed in the DG’s report, this runs counter to the cooperative relationship that should prevail between the Agency and Iran as described in the Joint Statement of 4 March. We urge Iran to fully facilitate and enable the IAEA’s verification mission in Iran as per its CSA, assuring the Agency to have enough technically experienced inspectors sufficient to carry out all in-country verification activities as planned.

We also call on Iran to address, without any further delay, the discrepancy in the amount of nuclear material verified by the Agency at UCF (Uranium Conversion Facility) originating from JHL (Jaber Ibn Hayan Multipurpose Laboratory) compared to the amount declared by Iran.

Japan reiterates that Iran’s legal obligations under the Subsidiary Arrangement to its Safeguards Agreement cannot be modified unilaterally. Japan calls on Iran to fulfill all of its obligations under the Subsidiary Arrangement including the modified Code 3.1 and to provide the information required by the Agency with regards to the new nuclear facilities.

Japan requests the Director General to keep the Board of Governors informed on this issue.

Thank you, Chair.