Statement by Minister IMANISHI Nobuharu at the IAEA Board of Governors Meeting starting on Monday, 4 March 2024 Item 3: Nuclear Security Review 2024

Thank you Chair,
Japan appreciates the Director General’s report entitled “Nuclear Security Review 2024” and the technical briefing held by the IAEA Secretariat.
Japan strongly supports the IAEA’s central role in international cooperation in nuclear security. The IAEA’s two comprehensive reports, entitled the “Nuclear Security Report” and the “Nuclear Security Review” serve to enhance effective international cooperation, by providing stakeholders with updated information and perspective in this field.
Japan supports the nuclear security priorities presented in the Nuclear Security Review. Let me briefly touch upon several issues, including: international legal instruments; nuclear security guidance; capacity-building; and nuclear security in Ukraine. 
With regard to the international legal instruments, Japan strongly supports the universalization of the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials (CPPNM) and its Amendment, as a means of enhancing the international nuclear security framework and contributing to the strengthening of the non-proliferation regime.
On nuclear security guidance, Japan has been actively participating in the discussions with the Secretariat and Member States on the development and update of the IAEA’s Nuclear Security Series.
On the national level, Japan has been continuously taking steps to strengthen our nuclear security through reviewing laws and regulations, and utilizing IAEA review missions and advisory services. In this regard, Japan has benefitted greatly from the IAEA International Physical Protection Advisory Service (IPPAS) programme to enhance our nuclear security regime and looks forward to the next IPPAS mission in Japan later this year. Japan also welcomes the completion of the 100th IPPAS mission and highly appreciates the long-standing efforts of the IAEA experts.
Capacity building is also a key element of nuclear security. Japan welcomes the inauguration of the Nuclear Security Training Demonstration Centre (NSTDC) in Seibersdorf last October. Japan has been contributing to capacity building by providing training courses, workshops and seminars at the Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security (ISCN) of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency for many years.
Regarding nuclear security in Ukraine, I will not repeat what my delegation already mentioned under Agenda item 2. The points that Japan made apply to both nuclear security and safety. Japan firmly supports the IAEA’s efforts to provide support for the nuclear security of Ukraine’s nuclear facilities, including the continued presence of the IAEA Support and Assistance Missions. 

With regard to the International Conference on Nuclear Security (ICONS) 2024, Japan welcomes the proactive discussions during the third meeting of the Programme Committee last week. Japan will continue to work closely with the Secretariat and other Member States so that this important 4th meeting of ICONS in this May will be able to produce meaningful outcomes.
The Nuclear Security Review provides Member States with an overview of the global trends in nuclear security and a better understanding of the Agency’s planned activities and priorities for the coming years. Japan requests the Secretariat to continue to produce this valuable document.

With these comments, Japan takes note of the document contained in GOV/2024/4.
Thank you.