Statement by Ambassador KAIFU Atsushi at the IAEA Board of Governors Meeting starting on Monday, 4 March 2024 Item 5: Verification and Monitoring in the Islamic Republic of Iran in light of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 2231 (2015)

Thank you, Chair,
Japan appreciates the Director General’s report on this agenda item, as well as the technical briefing held by Deputy Director General Aparo and his team.
We commend the professional and impartial work and efforts of the Director General and the Secretariat related to the verification and monitoring of Iran’s implementation of its nuclear-related commitments under the JCPOA. Japan reiterates its support for the non-proliferation objectives of the JCPOA. The exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear program needs to be ensured, and the IAEA’s verification and monitoring activities are essential elements to this end.
Japan remains deeply concerned that the Agency’s JCPOA related verification and monitoring has been seriously affected by the cessation of Iran’s implementation of its nuclear-related commitments under the JCPOA. The report clearly states that the Agency has lost continuity of knowledge in relation to the production and inventory of centrifuges, rotors and bellows among other things.
The steady increase of Iran’s stockpiles of highly enriched uranium and the installation of new advanced centrifuge cascades are also extremely worrying. We also note with concern that the installation of the infrastructure for centrifuges is ongoing.
The Director General expressed his deep regrets that Iran has yet to reverse its decision to withdraw the designations of experienced inspectors. Japan shares his assessment that this is essential to fully allow the Agency to effectively conduct its verification activities.
We once again urge Iran to fully implement its JCPOA commitments, including transparency measures, and to re-apply the Additional Protocol.
Japan asks the Director General to keep the Board of Governors informed on any developments, so that this important issue can continue to be addressed properly.
Thank you, Chair.