IAEA6月理事会(議題 3:2016年技術協力報告)ステートメント(加納雄大公使)について


Statement by Minister Takehiro Kano at the IAEA Board of Governors Meeting on 13 June 2017 Strengthening the Agency’s technical cooperation activities: Technical Cooperation Report for 2016

Thank you, Mr. Chair,
Japan acknowledges with satisfaction that a number of tangible outcomes have been achieved through Director General Amano’s initiative “Atoms for Peace and Development.” Technical Cooperation Report for 2016 provides a comprehensive picture of annual progress, achievements and financial status of various TC activities. We welcome the TC Report as a useful document that helps the Member States enhance their understanding of the Agency’s TC activities.
The Agency’s TC activities should be reinforced in a sustainable manner in order to better address growing development needs of the Member States. To this end, we believe that it is essential for the Agency to pursue further effective and efficient uses of existing resources and to strengthen resource mobilization.
Mr. Chair,
          Japan welcomes the fact that the total new resources for TC Programme reached 100 million Euro for the first time in 2016, which were made available by the Technical Cooperation Fund (TCF), extra-budgetary contributions including through Government Cost Sharing and other resources combined. However, we are concerned that the rate of attainment for the TCF dropped to 92.9% in 2016. Recognizing that the TCF is the most important mechanism to support the implementation of the Agency’s TC Programme, we stress that the rate of attainment should not further deteriorate in the coming years. Japan, despite its fiscal constraints, has consistently paid its full share of the TCF including for this year. Japan urges all Member States to pay their shares of the TCF target and the National Participation Cost, where applicable, in full and on time. In this regard, we stress the importance of agreeing on strengthened Due Account Mechanism and of applying the new guidelines from 2020-21 TC cycle.
Japan is pleased to note the Report emphasizes that the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) provide a common international framework for development and that its eight Goals out of the 17 Goals are identified as areas to which the Agency can contribute by using nuclear technology.
          Japan believes that the result-based management is essential in pursuing the maximum effectiveness and efficiency of the TC Programme within its available resources and that its outcomes and achievements should be measured primarily by their relevance to attainment of the SDGs. With these in mind, we request the Secretariat to vigorously apply this principle and prioritize national and regional projects that will make maximum impacts on achieving the SDGs. Furthermore, strengthening the coordination between the TC Department and Agency’s technical departments under the “one-house approach”, as mentioned in the Medium Term Strategy, is also essential in improving efficiency.
Mr Chair,
          Japan continues to place great importance on Peaceful Uses Initiative (PUI) as a supplementary financial mechanism to the TCF and as an effective scheme to strengthen trilateral partnerships among donors, the Agency and recipient countries or regions. Japan has made over 28 million USD of PUI contribution in total.
          The PUI has effectively mobilized additional resources to address urgent development needs in case of emergencies, such as the outbreak of infectious diseases and natural disasters. Recently Japan swiftly responded to the Agency’s emergency assistance requested by Peru, which was recently hit by the floods, by supporting procurement of one digital mobile X-ray system for medical practice to improve medical treatment capabilities in the affected areas of the country.
          In addition to emergency responses, Japan places great importance on capacity building to enhance the readiness for unexpected emergencies. Recently, Japan decided to allocate approximately 1.2 million USD in total from its PUI to four TC regional projects, namely, the project to assist nuclear emergency preparedness and response in the Member States of ASEAN Region (RAS9077), the project to enhance capabilities for radioactive waste management in Latin American and Caribbean region (RLA9078), the project to improve preparedness to deal with a potential outbreak of infectious disease caused by mosquitoes in Europe (RER5022), and the project to strengthen diagnostic capabilities for potential outbreak of zoonotic diseases in Africa (RAF5073).
          Japan’s development assistance policies give a high priority to self-help efforts and self-reliant development of recipient countries and regions. In accordance with this policy, we continue to support Agency’s capacity building activities as key priorities in order to promote peaceful uses of nuclear technology in a sustainable way.
          Japan continues to highlight the necessity for the Agency to build robust partnerships with various stakeholders to strengthen the TC programme’s basis for human and financial resources. In this regard, we value the Agency’s efforts on promoting partnerships with other international organizations such as FAO and WHO, and hope that the Agency continues and reinforces its efforts on partnership-building particularly with bilateral development aid organizations and non-traditional donors such as private foundations.
          In this context, tangible achievements have been made in partnerships between the Agency and Japanese institutions.  In addition to our continuous human resource contributions through the RCA, the recent conclusion of the Agency’s practical arrangement with Osaka University in the area of human health is one example. We are also pleased to see the steady increase in the number of fellowship programs hosted in Japan. Furthermore, we are seeking a new collaboration between the Agency and our development aid agency JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency) at various levels.
          Recognizing that awareness-raising is a key to building new partnerships and to expanding existing cooperation, Japan has actively supported the Agency’s outreach activities at key international events such as TICAD (Tokyo International Conference on African Development) VI held in Kenya last August in which Director General Amano participated. International Conference on IAEA Technical Cooperation held two weeks ago was another milestone event where three panelists from diverse background participated from Japan, namely, the Government, Osaka University and JICA. Such outreach activities should be further strengthened to maintain momentum for new partnership-building. We wish to also point out the importance of developing holistic outreach strategies of the Agency that will connect the follow-up of the TC Conference and two upcoming Ministerial Conferences on NE this year and NA next year in a coordinated manner.
With these comments, Japan takes note of the Agency’s Technical
Cooperation Report for 2016 contained in GOV/2017/17.
Thank you, Mr. Chair.