Statement by Minister Hirotaka Matsuo at the IAEA Board of Governors Meeting starting on 5 March 2018: Agenda Item 2: Strengthening the Agency’s activities related to nuclear, radiation, transport and waste safety

Thank you, Chairperson.
In light of the lessons learned from the Fukushima Daiichi accident and under new regulations thereafter, Japan has been managing a number of nuclear power plants including their aging and decommissioning processes. We continuously improve nuclear safety by introducing the latest information and knowledge. Based on the experience, we would like to actively contribute to international cooperation on nuclear safety.
From this point of view, Japan highly appreciates the ‘Nuclear Safety Review 2018’ which has provided very valid conclusions pertaining to the analysis of global trends in the area of nuclear, radiation, transport and waste safety. We would like to support the future IAEA activities based on this document. In addition, we would thank the Agency for its efforts in editing the document ‘Safety Requirements: Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material, 2018 Edition ’.
 Each Member State has received a variety of support from the Agency on the establishment and strengthening of nuclear safety. It is very important for the Member States to continue in their efforts to strengthen their nuclear safety by cooperating with the Agency.
As referenced in the ‘Nuclear Safety Review 2018’, the number of the countries embarking on nuclear programmes is increasing. Therefore, the reliability of nuclear safety is of ever greater international importance. Japan believes that both the Agency and Member States should continue their assistance for the establishment of nuclear safety infrastructure of embarking countries including independent and competent regulation. Japan will be actively engaged in this assistance.
Regarding the ‘Nuclear Safety Review 2018’, I would like to touch upon Japan’s priority matters, together with our own activities in nuclear safety area.
(International Legal Frameworks for Nuclear Safety)
As the report mentions, it is necessary to continue to strengthen the international legal frameworks for nuclear safety and their effective implementation. Japan encourages those Member States which have not yet done so, to join the conventions related to nuclear safety.
The Review Meeting of the Joint Convention will be held in May. It is our hope that the meeting will contribute to the strengthening of nuclear safety through a peer review of Member States’ practices, which will allow sharing of experiences and evaluations.
(Emergency Preparedness and Response)
Emergency preparedness and response is one of the most important areas requiring further international cooperation.
I would like to draw attention to the IAEA RANET Capacity Building Center in Fukushima. For the past few years the Center has held a number of workshops and training courses, and will continue to play a key role in the building of capacity and networks among Member States. Japan will prepare new resources for these IAEA activities in the CBC Fukushima and expects that these activities will contribute further to strengthening of emergency response capabilities for each country.

(Current Situation of Fukushima Daiichi NPP/Public Communication)
Japan has expended a great deal of effort in providing information regarding decommissioning and decontamination after the Fukushima Daiichi accident, and has promoted greater understanding of the effects of radiation to health. We have also been providing the IAEA Secretariat with updated information on the progress of the recovery operation at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants in a comprehensive and timely manner. This information, together with the Secretariat’s comments, is available on the IAEA website.
Japan would like to reiterate our intention to promote communication with the public by providing information based on scientific evidence in a transparent manner.
(Ru 106)
Last, but not least, as some other Member States have already mentioned, I would like to refer to the detection of high levels of Ruthenium 106 in some European countries.
The cause of this incident remains yet unclear. All Member States should maintain reliability in the peaceful and safe use of nuclear technology by promoting transparency in cooperation with the Agency and other Member States.
Japan would like to contribute to the activities related to this issue.
With these comments, Japan takes note of the report contained in GOV/2018/4 and GOV/2018/3.
Thank you Chairperson.