IAEA6月理事会(議題2: 年次報告)ステートメント(引原毅大使)(英語)

Thank you, Chair,
Japan thanks the Secretariat for drafting the Annual Report for 2021 as well as the technical briefing on this report. The report provides a useful and readable summary of wide-ranging activities of the Agency with graphics.
In 2021, while the world was still severely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, the Agency showed its resilience by duly continuing its critical core tasks. It also increased its relevance in addressing most pressing global challenges from human health to marine plastics. Japan commends the leadership of DG Grossi and the dedication of the Agency staff in this regard.
Nuclear safety is essential in promoting the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. We highly appreciate that the International Conference on a Decade of Progress after Fukushima Daiichi held last year achieved its objectives. In order to enhance global nuclear safety, Japan will continue to contribute to the Agency’s activities based on the report of this conference, and participate proactively in discussions at the Seventh Review Meeting of the Joint Convention to be held this month. Domestically, Japan will endeavor to further improve the regulatory framework through implementing the Convention on Nuclear Safety and the Joint Convention.
Japan also expresses its gratitude to the Agency for its close cooperation in the decommissioning of TEPCO’s Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. Japan appreciates the Agency’s efforts related to ALPS treated water, not contaminated water. In particular, the establishment of the IAEA Task Force during the reporting period was essential for the Agency to conduct an independent review of Japan’s plan to discharge ALPS treated water based on the Agency’s safety standards. The work of the Task Force has been making a steadfast progress to date. We will provide more information on recent developments since the last Board meeting under the last agenda item of this meeting.
Japan supports the central role the Agency plays in nuclear security. We wish to stress the importance of deepening understanding and collaboration among the Member States in this area, based on the achievements from the main conferences and meetings of the Agency, such as the ICONS 2020 and the first Conference of the Parties of the A/CPPNM, as well as cooperation in various IAEA projects.
In nuclear verification, Japan welcomes that, following last year’s Annual Report, two CSAs entered into force, bringing down the number of NPT Non-Nuclear Weapon States Parties that have yet to bring CSAs into force to eight. Two more countries have concluded additional protocols, bringing the number of effective additional protocols to 138.
Peaceful uses of nuclear technology makes a tangible contribution to achieve the sustainable development goals. Japan reiterates its firm support for the various initiatives of the Agency in the fields of nuclear technology and technical cooperation, under the leadership of DG Grossi, including NUTEC Plastics, ZODIAC and the newly launched Rays of Hope. They show the increased relevance of IAEA activities in providing solutions to common global challenges in development. Japan has already made various contribution for those initiatives and will continue to further support the efforts of the Agency to promote peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
This report illustrates with concrete examples the leading role the Agency plays in nuclear non-proliferation and the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, which are two of the three pillars of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). Japan hopes that the activities of the Agency will be duly highlighted at the 10th Review Conference of the NPT.
Lastly, Japan welcomes the continued efforts by the Secretariat to achieve gender parity and gender mainstreaming, including through the IAEA Marie Sklodowska Curie Fellowship initiative, to which Japan is happy to be one of the contributors. Japan welcomes the DG’s report to the Board in this morning and encourages the Secretariat to continue its efforts in this area.
Thank you, Mr Chair.