Thank you, Chair,
Japan thanks the Secretariat for preparing the report on this agenda item, as well as the technical briefing.
Japan highly commends the professional and impartial work of the Director General and the Secretariat in the implementation of safeguards. The Agency’s safeguards are a fundamental component of the nuclear non-proliferation regime under the NPT. Each Member State must act in a manner that preserves the integrity of the safeguards system in cooperation with the Agency.
Japan regrets that Iran’s engagement with the Agency is not sufficient for the Agency to be able to confirm the correctness and completeness of Iran’s declarations under its Safeguards Agreement. 
Japan is deeply concerned that the safeguards issues related to Turquzabad and Varamin remain unresolved despite the repeated calls of this Board expressed in its resolutions adopted in June 2020, as well as in June and November last year.
We note that the Agency informed Iran that it has no additional questions on depleted uranium particles detected at “Marivan” at this time, and that the matter is no longer outstanding at this stage.
Japan also takes note of the Agency’s assessment regarding the presence of highly enriched uranium particles up to 83.7% U-235 at the Fordow Fuel Enrichment Plant (FFEP), that the Agency has no further questions on this matter at this stage.
Japan supports the Director General’s efforts related to the Joint Statement of 4 March 2023. While we note the start of implementation of the Joint Statement, such as the installment of an enrichment monitoring device (EMD) at FFEP and another EMD at the Pilot Fuel Enrichment Plant (PFEP) in Natanz, the process needs to be sustained and uninterrupted in order that all the commitments contained therein are fulfilled without delay. We call on Iran to fully and unconditionally cooperate with the Agency in this regard to accelerate the process.
We also call on Iran to address, without further delay, the discrepancy in the amount of nuclear material verified by the Agency at UCF (Uranium Conversion Facility) originating from JHL (Jaber Ibn Hayan Multipurpose Laboratory) compared to the amount declared by Iran.
Iran’s legal obligations under the Subsidiary Arrangement to its Safeguards Agreement cannot be modified unilaterally. Japan calls on Iran to fulfill all of its obligations under the Subsidiary Arrangement and fully implement modified Code 3.1.
Japan requests the Director General to keep the Board of Governors informed on this issue.
Thank you, Chair.