IAEA3月理事会(議題6(c) イランの保障措置協定)ステートメント(海部篤大使)(英語)

Thank you, Chair,
Japan thanks the Director General for the report on this agenda item, as well as the technical briefing by Deputy Director General Aparo and his team.
Japan highly commends the professional and impartial work of the Director General and the Secretariat in the implementation of safeguards. The Agency’s safeguards are a fundamental component for the nuclear non-proliferation regime under the NPT. Each Member State must act in a manner that preserves the integrity of the safeguards system in cooperation with the Agency. 
Japan is gravely concerned with the findings in the DG’s latest report, which clearly describes a lack of substantive cooperation by Iran with the Agency on the outstanding safeguards issues.
We deeply regret that Iran has not provided any information on the outstanding safeguards issues related to Turquzabad and ‘Varamin’, and that these issues remain unresolved despite the repeated calls of this Board including its resolution in November 2022. We urge Iran to provide the Agency with technically credible explanations for the presence of uranium particles found at these locations.
It is also regrettable that there was again no further progress towards implementing the Joint Statement of March 2023 during this reporting period. We call on Iran to implement it in good faith without further delay.
Japan echoes the DG’s strong condemnation of Iran’s sudden withdrawal of the designations of several experienced Agency inspectors. We also share his deep regrets that Iran has yet to reverse its decision to withdraw the designations of them. This is essential to fully allow the Agency to effectively conduct its verification activities.
While Japan takes note that the discrepancy in the nuclear material balance at Uranium Conversion Facility (UCF) has been rectified, Iran’s corrected nuclear material accounting reports indicates a new element related to Iran’s past declaration, which requires further consideration by the Agency. We expect that the Board will be informed on any further development of this issue.
Japan is deeply concerned that Iran continues not to implement modified Code 3.1. Japan supports the DG's statement that Iran’s unilateral decision to stop implementation of modified Code 3.1 is contrary to its legal obligations under the Safeguards Agreement and the Subsidiary Arrangements. We reiterate our calls for Iran to implement modified Code 3.1 and to provide the information required by the Agency with regards to the new nuclear facilities.
We also acknowledge the DG’s concern about the public statements in Iran regarding its technical capabilities to produce nuclear weapons, which increase his doubts about the correctness and completeness of Iran’s safeguards declarations.

Japan once again urges Iran to engage with the Agency in a constructive and meaningful manner to address all outstanding issues.
Japan asks the Director General to keep the Board of Governors informed on this issue.
Thank you, Chair.