Thank you, Madame Chair,
First of all, I express deep condolences to the people of Islamic Republic of Iran. Please know that our thoughts and prayers are with all those who mourn the loss of the precious lives.
Japan thanks the Director General for the report on this agenda item, as well as the technical briefing by Deputy Director General Aparo and his team.
Japan highly commends the professional and impartial work of the Director General and the Secretariat in the implementation of safeguards. The Agency’s safeguards are a fundamental component for the nuclear non-proliferation regime under the NPT. Each Member State must act in a manner that preserves the integrity of the safeguards system in cooperation with the Agency.
We deeply regret that Iran has not provided any information on the outstanding safeguards issues related to Turquzabad and ‘Varamin’, and that these issues remain unresolved despite the repeated calls of this Board including its resolution in November 2022. We urge Iran to provide the Agency with technically credible explanations for the presence of uranium particles found at these locations.
Japan notes the Agency’s assessment that there is an amount of nuclear material unaccounted for in relation to the experiments conducted at JHL in the past and that the Agency continues to evaluate technical elements related to these experiments. We expect that the Board will be informed on any further development of this issue.
Japan is deeply concerned that Iran continues not to implement modified Code 3.1. We reiterate our calls for Iran to implement modified Code 3.1 and to provide the information required by the Agency with regards to the new nuclear facilities.
We also note the concern expressed in the report that further public statements in Iran regarding its technical capabilities to produce nuclear weapons and possible changes to Iran’s nuclear doctrine increase the Director General’s concerns about the correctness and completeness of Iran’s safeguards declarations.
Japan shares the Director General’s deep regrets that Iran has yet to reverse its decision to withdraw the designations of several experienced inspectors and his assessment that this remains essential to fully allow the Agency to effectively conduct its verification activities.
Japan welcomes the Director General’s efforts to engage with Iran including his visit to Teheran and Esfahan in May. Japan notes that the DG welcomes Iran’s agreement that the Joint Statement of 4 March 2023 continues to provide a framework for cooperation with the Agency and for addressing the outstanding safeguards issues. We strongly hope that the planned technical consultations will take place soon and Iran will seriously engage with the proposals made by the Agency so that these consultations will bring concrete outcomes towards the resolution of all outstanding issues. We recall that such engagements could pave the way for wider agreements among the parties, as stipulated in the proposed draft resolution. With all these comments, Japan expresses its support to the draft resolution submitted by France, Germany and the United Kingdom.
Japan asks the Director General to keep the Board of Governors informed on this issue.
Thank you, Madame Chair.